TOE FUNGAL INFECTION
WHAT IS TOE FUNGAL INFECTION:?
If you have a thickened, yellow or brown discoloured toenail, you may be suffering from a toenail fungal infection.
Known medically as onychomycosis or tineaunguium, this fungal infection can do considerable damage to the nail plate and underlying structure which may lead to the loss of part or whole of the toenail itself.
The principal And most common organism involved in fungal nail infections is the dermatophyteTrichophytonrubrum (the second is Trichophytonmentagrophytes which causes ringworm) and may affect the fingernails as well as toenails.
The fungus thrives in dark damp conditions such as those found within tight enclosed footwear, between the toes and under the nail plate but it will also thrive in areas where the male may be damaged, for example, whether on multiple layers of nail polish who solvent is destroying the nail. The fungus feeds on keratin which is the protein that the body uses in the formation of skin and nails.
CAUSES OF TOE FUNGAL INFECTION
Nail fungal infections are caused by microscopic organisms called fungi that do not require sunlight to survive. Most commonly, a group of fungi called dermatophytes (such as Candida) is responsible for nail fungal infections. However, some yeasts and molds also cause these infections.
Pathogens that cause nail fungus infection usually enter the skin through tiny cuts or small separations between the nail and nail bed. The fungi grow when the nail provides a suitably warm and moist environment.
SIGN AND SYMPTOMS
Nails that are infected with fungus typically are thickened, brittle, crumbly, ragged, distorted, dull, and darker or yellowish in color. A patient may also experience onycholysis, where infected nails separate from the nail bed. Sometimes, nail fungal infections result in pain in the toes or fingertips, and they may even emit a slight foul odor.
Another symptom associated with nail fungus infections are fungus-free skin lesions called dermatophytids. These may be rashes or itchiness in an area of the body that is not infected with the fungus – much like an allergic reaction.
In order to diagnose nail fungus infections, a doctor will usually examine debris that is scraped from underneath the nail. The nail scrapings will be used in tests such as a potassium hydroxide (KOH) smear or a fungal culture. The KOH test can be quickly performed, while the fungal culture can take weeks